Machine-Learning-Based Laboratory Developed Test for the Diagnosis of Sepsis in High-Risk Patients

Machine-Learning-Based Laboratory Developed Test for the Diagnosis of Sepsis in High-Risk Patients

ABSTRACT

Sepsis, a dysregulated host response to infection, is a major health burden in terms of both mortality and cost. The difficulties clinicians face in diagnosing sepsis, alongside the insufficiencies of diagnostic biomarkers, motivate the present study. This work develops a machine-learning-based sepsis diagnostic for a high-risk patient group, using a geographically and institutionally diverse collection of nearly 500,000 patient health records. Using only a minimal set of clinical variables, our diagnostics outperform common severity scoring systems and sepsis biomarkers and benefit from being available immediately upon ordering.